Three ethnic groups, the Waorani, Kichwa and Shuar, are settled in communities dispersed along paths and rivers.
Additionally, this area is home to the Tagaeri and Taromenane, two tribes who have chosen to live isolated in the most hidden zones of the tropical rainforest.
Yasuní’s unique socio-cultural environment is complemented by “mestizo” resident associations who have immigrated from different parts of Ecuador.
Unfortunately, the existence, integrity and functionality of YNP’s biodiversity is subject to multiple pressures and human threats, including: the expansion of unsustainable agriculture, logging, illegal hunting, species trafficking, and large-scale oil extraction operations and its consequences (e.g. high risk of contamination, road building, colonization, etc.).